Signs for children [age 5+]

The following are signs that a child may have dyslexia. It is important to remember that a child may have some of these symptoms in varying combinations, but will rarely have all of them.

  • Speech problems e.g. lisp, mispronunciation of words, words in wrong order. Dyslexics are often late talkers NOTE: some dyslexics learn to speak early and are very articulate.
  • Difficulty in rhyming e.g. ‘book’ and ‘look’.
  • Difficulty in hearing and pronouncing sounds.
  • Attention problems – child does not appear to hear when given explanations. Daydreaming and switching off in class and at home.
  • Lack of progress in reading, writing and spelling, contrary to expectations built up by normal development in other area.
  • Poor fine motor control e.g. holding a pencil.
  • Difficulties in forming letters and writing them down in a reasonable order or mirror writing.
  • Confusion with b, d, p, q, u, y, m, n, s, or z.
  • Clumsiness
  • Difficulty carrying out a sequence of directions.
  • Difficulty understanding the concept of time. They may forget their date of birth, their home address etc.
  • Difficulty in counting, playing sequencing and matching games
  • Problems fastening buttons, zips, tying shoes laces, and with the order in which to get dressed.
  • Tantrums and signs of frustration at home and at school. 


IMPORTANT: If any literacy problems have already occurred in the family then special attention should be given to the signs given above.